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Ocean Freight Meaning: What Is Ocean Freight?
Shipping containers are used in ocean freight transport.
Exporters and importers commonly use ocean freight as their main mode of transport. 90 percent of everything is shipped via ocean freight. Shipping Deutsch International freight transport modes (courier, air freight standard, express air freight) are all faster, but they are also more expensive. These modes are generally used for smaller shipments, and for products with a high value.
In cases where ocean freight would be too slow and air freight too expensive, some freight forwarders offer express shipping. The service is frequently just as fast as air freight, but may be less expensive. It ties in with expedited ocean services and premium trucking services and streamlines ocean freight processes.
Why Ship By Sea?
A single container can hold up to 10000 beer bottles! And ocean freight is cheaper. Air freight is too costly for shipments weighing more than 500 kg. With this chargeable weight calculator, you can find out whether you will be charged by the actual weight or dimensional weight for your shipment. You can find live international shipping rates on our FBX index.
It is easier to define and restrict what goods are considered dangerous for transportation if the rules of international law, national law, carrier organization regulations, and carrier specific regulations are followed. There are more products restricted as air cargo than ocean freight, including: gases (e.g. lamp bulbs), all things flammable (e.g. Items that are toxic or corrosive (e.g., a Samsung Galaxy Note 7), or just things that smell nice (e.g. batteries), magnetic substances (e.g. Public health risks (e.g. speakers), oxidizers, and biochemical products (e.g. chemical medicines) are also evaluated. untanned hides). The Hazardous Material Table provides further information.
Seaborne CO2 emissions are minuscule in comparison with airborne CO2 emissions. By comparison, according to this study, 5000 kilometers of ocean freight can cause 150 kg of carbon dioxide emissions, compared to 6605 kg from air freight.
What Are The Downsides Of Ocean Freight?
There is about a 30x difference in average speed between airplanes and ocean liners; passenger jets travel at 575 mph, while slow-steaming ocean liners move at 16-18 mph. Thus, it is no surprise that your shipment by air freight will take at least 20 days longer than your shipment by ocean freight.
Ocean freight generally takes much longer to deliver than air freight because of port congestion, customs delays, and bad weather conditions. Air freight tracking technology is typically more advanced than ocean freight tracking technology. Therefore, ocean freight is more likely to get lost than air freight. It is especially important when a shipment is smaller than a container load. The digitization of ocean freight is making it more reliable.
In contrast to air cargo, ocean freight is more likely to be damaged or destroyed. This is because it is in transit for a much longer time, and because ships move more easily. It's okay for ocean cargo to fall off ships. It is more likely that 546 of the 120 million container movements per year, which result in 10000 lost every year, fall into the water instead. Even less likely is piracy. Among the hotspots in recent years have been the Horn of Africa, the Gulf of Guinea, and the Malacca Straits.
Ocean Freight Services
Further, sea freight is broken down into two options: full container loads (FCL) and less than container loads (LCL). One container is used for several shipments in LCL. This leads to more work for the forwarder, as there is more paperwork involved as well as actual physical work involved with consolidating shipments and re-consolidating them after the main transit. This gives LCL three disadvantages:
The delivery time of an LCL shipment is longer than that of an FCL shipment. It's usually recommended to allow an additional one or two weeks for LCL.
It is possible to damage, misplace, or even lose LCL products.
LCL costs more per cubic meter.
In general, the shipping rates for FCL are much lower than for LCL, so it may be worthwhile to use a full container once your shipment grows large enough, even if your shipment does not fill the entire container. LCL to FCL upgrades are typically achieved at a point around 15 cubic meters (the smallest size container is a 20 footer).
Sea Freight Rates per kg
In general, LCL is priced per volume of goods, and not per weight.
If selecting the most cost-effective mode is a challenge, consider these general rules of thumb:
Shipments weighing more than 500 kg are economically unviable via air freight.
China-US shipments take around 30-40 days by sea, and ocean freight is around $2-$4 a kg.
Taking into account about $5-8 per kilo, air freight can be economically used in China-US shipments between 150 kg and 500 kg; the process will take about 8-10 days.
Express air freight is faster, but more expensive.
Express freight can be economically used for packages lighter than 150 kg.
Your freight quote will include the following ocean and sea freight costs, rates, and charges:
On ocean freight quotes and invoices, expect to find these items: